Published: Last updated: by pug standing on a picnic table

The Pug is a distinct looking dog breed with a short snout, which can lead to some health issues. They are an affectionate and friendly dog.

Average size and lifespan

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Height: 0ft 10in - 0ft 11in
Weight: 14-18lbs
Lifespan: 12 - 15 Years


  • Affection5/5
  • Kid-Friendly3/5
  • Stranger-Friendly4/5
  • Dog-Friendly3/5
  • Barking Amount1/5


  • Grooming Difficulty2/5
  • Shedding Amount4/5
  • Easy to Train3/5
  • Can Be Alone1/5
  • Exercise Need3/5


  • Cold Tolerance2/5
  • Heat Tolerance1/5
  • Apartment-Friendly5/5

Pug Information

One of the most recognizable breeds, the Pug has a distinctive look with a scrunched-up face, defined coloring on his muzzle, and tiny body with a curled tail. Its short coat is fawn or black. While its exact origins are unknown, the Pug bears similarities to the Pekingese, leading experts to speculate that he hails from China or Japan.

Accompanying his cute exterior is a wonderful personality. The Pug is calm, loving, and charming, with a dose of mischief. He makes an excellent member of any family.


The Pug breed can be traced back to ancient China, where emperors preferred flat-faced toy dogs like the Pekingese, Shih Tzu, and Pug.

These breeds were later brought to Europe, where they were a favorite amongst many court elites. They became the official dog of Holland’s House of Orange after a Pug named Pompey saved the prince’s life by alerting him to approaching assassins.

Pug Training & Temperament

Pugs are very friendly and lovable. They want to please their owners and are good with children. They prefer companionship and don’t do well being left alone for long periods. They are generally happy to obey, which helps with training when given positive reinforcement instead of scolding.

pug on couch breed photo

Pug Exercise

Pugs are a relaxed breed that doesn’t need much exercise. They enjoy some short walks or playing inside or outdoors (if it’s not too hot). Since they are more relaxed, you’ll need to be sure they don’t gain too much weight by maintaining some form of exercise.

Pug Grooming

Pugs have a short coat that doesn’t need much grooming. However, they do shed and can be brushed to lessen the amount of loose hair. They can be bathed occasionally when they get dirty or smelly and need their nails trimmed.


Pugs’ common health issues are a result of their compressed face & snout. This makes them more susceptible to eye injuries. It also means they have a more challenging time breathing, especially in sunny, hot, or humid weather.

When pugs are excited, they may have difficulty breathing and begin sneezing, but this isn’t usually harmful. Pugs also tend to have wrinkles on their faces that may need to be cleaned by their owners.

Sources: Wikipedia, AKC

All dogs have their own personality and unique training, causing them to differ slightly from these breed stats. However, please let us know if we made an error in the stats, we appreciate your help!

Breed FAQs

Can Pugs be apartment dogs?

The Pug is an excellent apartment dog. They don't need as much space for activity and will be happy in a condo or apartment.

Can Pugs be left alone?

Pugs are extremely social and need lots of interaction with their owners. They don't like being left alone and will likely become destructive or anxious if left for long periods.

Are Pugs good with kids?

Pugs can do fine with kids. They will require some monitoring and training to make sure they get along and react well to unpredictable behavior.

Are Pugs friendly with strangers?

Typically, Pugs are friendly with strangers. They tend to be open and willing to trust those they don't know.

Do Pugs get along with other dogs?

Although Pugs will mostly get along with other dogs, they may have some issues. They can typically be dealt with by socializing them with other dogs.

Do Pugs bark a lot?

Pugs don't bark very often of may never bark. Most barking is trained or in extreme situations.

Do Pugs shed a lot?

Pugs shed quite a bit. You'll need to brush them often to limit the hair on your floors and clothing.

Do Pugs need a lot of grooming?

Pugs don't require very much effort for grooming. You'll just need to provide typical maintenance and baths.

Do Pugs need a lot of exercise?

A Pug will need a moderate amount of exercise to be happy. You'll need to plan some basic walks or fetch during the day.

Are Pugs easy to train?

Although Pugs can be a challenge to train, they can be taught with some dedicated work or by hiring some training help.

Can Pugs handle cold weather?

Pugs don't like the cold and will likely want some protection if outside for long.

Can Pugs handle hot weather?

It's best not to have a Pug in hot temperatures for long as it can be dangerous to their health.

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