Published: Last updated: by Chihuahua looking over a woman's shoulder

The Chihuahua is one of the best known small breeds. They tend to be head-strong, but playful, and don't need much exercise.

Average size and lifespan

chihuahua silouette
great dane silouette
Height: 0ft 6in - 0ft 9in
Weight: 3-6lbs
Lifespan: 12 - 16 Years


  • Affection5/5
  • Kid-Friendly2/5
  • Stranger-Friendly2/5
  • Dog-Friendly2/5
  • Barking Amount5/5


  • Grooming Difficulty1/5
  • Shedding Amount2/5
  • Easy to Train2/5
  • Can Be Alone1/5
  • Exercise Need2/5


  • Cold Tolerance1/5
  • Heat Tolerance3/5
  • Apartment-Friendly5/5

Chihuahua Information

Small in size, huge in personality. One of the most recognizable dog breeds, the Chihuahua is known for its alert, pointy ears, saucer-sized eyes, and sassy spirit. Their fur comes in many different colors with different markings and can be long or short. The breed is highly intelligent.

While the dog is playful, he doesn’t need much exercise and prefers staying indoors. Because of this, the Chihuahua is a good choice for those with limited space. When he goes outside, be sure to limit his time in cold weather. With their large personality, they need some training to keep them in check with who’s the boss. Don’t worry; a little training goes a long way with this super intelligent breed.


The Chihuahua has origins in Mexico, where it likely descended from the Techichi, a companion dog from the Toltec civilization. Similar dogs are painted on burial pots in Mayan cultures, including the Great Pyramid of Cholula and Chichen Itza.

The current breed has been bred with European dogs, changing it from its Mexican origins. The name comes from the Mexican state of Chihuahua, where Conquistadores found many similar small dogs.

Chihuahua Training & Temperament

Chihuahuas are intelligent little dogs who can do well in training. They have some attitude and can expect to get their way at times, but will want to please humans who are in charge.

cute chihuahua breed photo

Chihuahua Exercise

The Chihuahua doesn’t require too much exercise. Their size also means they’re easy to exercise just walking around the house or chasing a ball in a small area. They also enjoy short walks. Just be cautious; if they get too tired, you may need to carry them home. Also, make sure to keep them warm if exposed to the cold.

Chihuahua Grooming

There are two coat variations, a long and a short. The short-haired variety needs little care other than bathing. The longer-haired version should be brushed. Make sure to keep your dog’s ears & teeth cleaned to avoid buildup.

Chihuahua Health

A well-bred Chihuahua should be a pretty healthy pup. Possible health issues include heart problems and eye disease. Dental treats and brushing are essential for their tiny teeth.


All dogs have their own personality and unique training, causing them to differ slightly from these breed stats. However, please let us know if we made an error in the stats, we appreciate your help!

Breed FAQs

Can Chihuahuas be apartment dogs?

The Chihuahua is an excellent apartment dog. They don't need as much space for activity and will be happy in a condo or apartment.

Can Chihuahuas be left alone?

Chihuahuas are extremely social and need lots of interaction with their owners. They don't like being left alone and will likely become destructive or anxious if left for long periods.

Are Chihuahuas good with kids?

Chihuahuas can be difficult to handle with the rowdy behavior of a child. They should be watched very closely.

Are Chihuahuas friendly with strangers?

Chihuahuas tend to be uncomfortable with strangers. They will require extra training effort to socialize them with those outside their family.

Do Chihuahuas get along with other dogs?

Chihuahuas aren't usually friendly with other dogs. They tend to not get along unless carefully socialized.

Do Chihuahuas bark a lot?

Chihuahuas are known to bark quite often. This can be irritating for owners who aren't expecting it and they may require some training to limit the amount of barking.

Do Chihuahuas shed a lot?

The Chihuahua isn't a heavy shedder. Some limited brushing and occassional cleaning should help prevent much hair build-up.

Do Chihuahuas need a lot of grooming?

With a Chihuahua you won't need to dedicate any extra time to special grooming. Their coats are easy to deal with.

Do Chihuahuas need a lot of exercise?

Chihuahuas don't need a ton of exercise. You'll just need to provide some basic activity to keep them healthy.

Are Chihuahuas easy to train?

Most Chihuahuas are stubborn and will take extra work to train. They can still learn trained behaviors, but will take more effort.

Can Chihuahuas handle cold weather?

Expect Chihuahuas to not do well with the cold. If you live in a cold climate you'll need to take special consideration for this breed.

Can Chihuahuas handle hot weather?

Although Chihuahuas can tolerate hot conditions, be careful not to expose them for too long.

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